HFMD Prevention and Young Child's Eye Health in May

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) Prevention


Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) can happen in any time of the year and it is highly contagious. One may get this disease by being exposed to an infected person's saliva and nasal secretions, or by having contact with an infected person's faeces. It develops quickly with symptoms including fever, sores in the mouth and a rash on the hands and feet. Its rash is unique to the disease, which makes it recognizable to doctors who see it the most often. Some children may also suffer from other symptoms include coughing, running nose, loss of appetite, vomiting, feeling sick and headache etc. 


Prevention and Control Measures: the key is having good personal and family hygiene habits.


  1. Make sure children wash their hands often with soap or hand wash before having meals and after using the bathroom. Avoid letting children drink tap water or have cold food. Avoid contact with infected children.
  2. Caregivers shall wash their hands before contacting the child, especially after changing diapers or disposing the faeces.
  3. Avoid taking children to crowded public places with bad ventilation. Be watchful with the hygiene conditions in the home. Air the rooms and dry the clothes and beddings in the sun regularly.
  4. Seek medical help once related symptoms are noted in a child.



Young Children's Eye Health



It is of great importance to protect children's eyesight in their early childhood, which not only affects the development of children's vision in general, but also avoids weak or short sight in the future. Good eye health habits surely provide lift-long benefits for our young children. Therefore we shall be more watchful in all of its implementation.


  1. Ensure sufficient sleep
  2. Limit screen time
  3. Provide good nutrition, vitamin A, vitamin B and vitamin C in particular
  4. Ensure sufficient outdoor activity. Enjoying appropriate sunshine is beneficial for human body to absorb vitamin A.
  5. Provide guidance for children in developing good personal hygiene habits. Young children are very active, who can easily make their hands and faces dirty and then rub their eyes. It will easily cause eye damage.
  6. Set up a good living and learning environment. Pay close attention to the indoor lighting, which can neither be too bright nor too dim. It is better to have a warm and soft colour tone in the indoor environment. Parents shall not leave the light on when children are sleeping, so it will protect the eyes from getting stressed for too time and not affect children's vision.